The UK-based company, Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) has released Annual Global Democracy Index Ratio 2017 report.
India being the world largest democracy was classified as a flawed democracy in 2017 GDI.
- It is released by EIU, a research and analysis division of UK- based media – The Economist Group.
- It categories countries into four broad categories viz. full democracy, flawed democracy, hybrid regime and authoritarian regime based on their score on a scale from 0 to 10.
- The index ranks 165 independent states and 2 territories on basis of 60 indicators grouped in five different categories i.e. electoral process and pluralism, civil liberties, the functioning of government, political participation and political culture.
Highlights of 2017 GDI
- The Top three positions on the list were occupied by Nordic countries.
- Top Ten Countries Include Norway, Iceland, Sweden, New Zealand, Denmark, Ireland, Canada, Australia, Finland and Switzerland.
- Nordic Countries comprises of Sweden, Norway, Finland, Iceland, Denmark.
- Talking in terms of India – The rise of conservative religious ideologies has acted as a factor that has affected the country’s ranking in Global Democracy Index report.
- The Floating Treatment Wetland (FTW) laid its foundation on The World Wetlands Day observed on February 2nd in Neknampur Lake situated in Hyderabad.
- Floating Treatment Wetland aims to clean and purify the polluted waterbody.
- The Plants planted on FTW – Floating Treatment Wetland can clean the lake by absorbing nitrates and other pollutants in the water.
Key Points – Floating Treatment Wetland
- Joint effort of NGO Dhruvansh, Hyderabad Metropolitan Development Authority (HMDA), district administration and other organisations has made Floating Treatment Wetland Possible.
- The “Floating Island” comprises four layers – floatable bamboo at base, styrofoam cubicles above it with the third layer consistingof gunny bags and gravels on final layer to support cleaning agents (plants).
- Cleaning agents are usually planted with vetivers, cattails, canna, bulrush, citronella, hibiscus, fountain grass, flowering herbs, tulsi and ashwagandha.
- Floating Treatment Wetland’s working is based on soil-less hydroponics technique. Since Hydroponics permits plants to grow only on sunlight and water hence there is no need of soil. There are small holes at bottom of base which facilitates flow of nutrients from water to plants through biological uptake process.