Indigenously developed nuclear capable surface-to-surface Prithvi-II missile was successfully test fired from a test range in Odisha. The test was carried out from mobile launcher from launch complex-3 of the Integrated Test Range at Chandipur near Balasore, Odisha.
Key points: Prithvi-II missile
- Inducted into the Armed forces of the country in 2003, the nine-metre-tall, single-stage liquid-fuelled Prithvi-II is the first missile to have been developed by the DRDO under the Integrated Guided Missile Development Programme (IGMDP).
- Prithvi-II is short range surface-to-surface ballistic missile. It is 9 metre long, single-stage liquid-fuelled missile capable of carrying 500-1,000 kilogram of warheads.It is thrusted by liquid propulsion twin engines and as strike range of 350 km.
- The entire launch activities were carried out by the specially formed Strategic Force Command (SFC) of the Army and monitored by the scientists of Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as part of training exercise.
- The missile trajectory was tracked by radars, electro- optical tracking systems and telemetry stations by the DRDO and also uses advanced inertial guidance system.
- The missile Prithvi-II can deliver warheads deep into enemy territory and inflict heavy damage to forward airfields.
About Defence Research and Development Organisation
- The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) as called is an agency of the Republic of India, which is charged with the military’s research and development of india. Headquartered in New Delhi, India.
- It was formed in 1958 by the merger of the Technical Development Establishment and the Directorate of Technical Development and Production with the Defence Science Organisation. It is under the administrative control of the Ministry of Defence, Government of India.
- It is Comprised With a network of 52 laboratories, which are engaged in developing defence technologies covering various fields, like aeronautics, armaments, electronics, land combat engineering, life sciences, materials, missiles, and naval systems.
- DRDO is known to be India’s largest and most diverse research organisation. The organisation which includes around 5,000 scientists belonging to the Defence Research & Development Service (DRDS) comprises about 25,000 other scientific, technical and supporting personnel.
The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) has approved to enhance target base of Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) from 5 crore to 8 crore. The revised target of PMUY will be achieved by 2020 with an additional allocation of Rs. 4,800 crore.
Key Points:Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana
- (CCEA)Cabinet also approved proposal to expand scheme to cover all SC/ST households, beneficiaries of Antyoday Anna Yojana (AAY), PMAY (Gramin), forest dwellers, most backward classes (MBC), Tea and Ex-Tea Garden Tribes besides expanding the target base of scheme.
- The decision comes in the wake of huge response to PMUY from the women particularly in rural areas and to cover such households not having LPG connection.This measure will empower women and protect their health. It will reduce drudgery and the time spent on cooking and also provide employment for rural youth in the supply chain of cooking gas.
- Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana (PMUY) or PMUY was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi in May 2016 with the tagline of Swachh Indhan, Behtar Jeevan.The main motive of this scheme is to provide free of cost LPG (cooking gas) connections to women from BPL Households.
- The main objective of the scheme is to empower women and protect their health by shifting them from traditional cooking based on unclean cooking fuels or on fossil fuels to clean cooking gas and it can be recognized as first social welfare scheme implemented by Ministry of Petroleum and Natural Gas.
- The Benefits under Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana has been extended to people of all Hilly States including NE States by treating them as ‘Priority States’.This great move will effectively address the difficulty faced by poor people residing in the States of Jammu and Kashmir, Himachal Pradesh, Uttarakhand, Sikkim and many more in the list in accessing LPG for cooking purposes.