1. UNMISS : United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan
The Security Council established the United Nations Mission in the Republic of South Sudan (UNMISS) for an initial period of one year, starting from 9 July 2011. UNMISS is on the ground to consolidate peace and security and to help establish conditions for development in South Sudan.
2. UNISFA : United Nations Interim Security Force for Abyei
The Security Council was deeply concerned by the violence, escalating tensions and population displacement in Sudan’s Abyei region and established the UNISFA on 27 June 2011. The operation will monitor the flashpoint border between north and south, and is authorized to use force in protecting civilians and humanitarian workers in Abyei.
3. MONUSCO: United Nations Organization Stabilization Mission in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
MONUSCO took over from an earlier UN peacekeeping operation – the United Nations Organization Mission in Democratic Republic of the Congo (MONUC) – on 1 July 2010. The new mission has been authorized to use all necessary means to carry out its mandate relating, among other things, to the protection of civilians, humanitarian personnel and human rights defenders under imminent threat of physical violence and to support the Government of the DRC in its stabilization and peace consolidation efforts.
4. UNAMID : African Union/United Nations Hybrid operation in Darfur
UNAMID, working in the Darfur region in Sudan, has the protection of civilians as its core mandate, but is also tasked with contributing to security for humanitarian assistance, monitoring and verifying implementation of agreements, assisting an inclusive political process, contributing to the promotion of human rights and the rule of law.
5. UNOCI : United Nations Operation in Côte d’Ivoire
UNOCI was set up in February 2004 in order to facilitate the implementation of the 2003 peace agreement by the parties in Ivory Coast.
6. UNMIL : United Nations Mission in Liberia
The United Nations Mission in Liberia (UNMIL) was established in September 2003 to support the implementation of the ceasefire agreement and the peace process; support humanitarian and human rights activities; as well as assist in national security reform, including national police training and formation of a new, restructured military.
7. MINURSO : United Nations Mission for the Referendum in Western Sahara
MINURSO was established in April 1991 in accordance with settlement proposals accepted on 30 August 1988 by Morocco and the Frente Popular para la Liberación de Saguia el-Hamra y de Río de Oro (Frente POLISARIO).
8. MINUSTAH : United Nations Stabilization Mission in Haiti
MINUSTAH was established on 1 June 2004 after President Bertrand Aristide departed Haiti for exile in the aftermath of an armed conflict which spread to several cities across the country. After the devastating 2010 earthquake, overall force levels of MINUSTAH was increased to support the immediate recovery, reconstruction and stability efforts in the country.
9. UNMIT : United Nations Integrated Mission in Timor-Leste
UNMIT is a multidimensional, integrated UN peacekeeping operation in Timor-Leste set up in 2006 in the wake of a major political, humanitarian and security crisis. The mission works with the government in consolidating stability, enhancing a culture of democratic governance and facilitating political dialogue.
10. UNMOGIP : United Nations Military Observer Group in India and Pakistan
UNMOGIP was set up in 1949 to supervise the ceasefire between India and Pakistan in the State of Jammu and Kashmir. Following renewed hostilities of 1971, UNMOGIP has remained in the area to observe developments pertaining to the strict observance of the ceasefire of 17 December 1971 and report thereon to the Secretary-General.
11. UNAMA: United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan
The United Nations Assistance Mission in Afghanistan (UNAMA) is a political mission established by the Security Council in 2002 at the request of the Government of Afghanistan to assist it and the people of Afghanistan in laying the foundations for sustainable peace and development in the country.
12. UNFICYP : United Nations Peacekeeping Force in Cyprus
UNFICYP was originally set up by the Security Council in 1964 to prevent further fighting between the Greek Cypriot and Turkish Cypriot communities. After the hostilities of 1974, UNFICYP continues to supervise ceasefire lines and aims at contributing to a political settlement in Cyprus.
13. UNMIK: United Nations Interim Administration Mission in Kosovo
UNMIK was set up in 1999 in order to provide an interim administration for Kosovo under which the people of Kosovo could enjoy substantial autonomy. Subsequently, following the declaration of independence by the Kosovo authorities in 2008, UNMI focuses primarily on the promotion of security, stability and respect for human rights in Kosovo.
14. UNSMIS : United Nations Supervision Mission in Syria
UNSMIS was established in April 2012 to monitor a cessation of armed violence in all its forms by all parties and to monitor and support the full implementation of the Joint Special Envoy’s six-point plan to end the conflict in Syria
15. UNTSO : United Nations Truce Supervision Organization
Set up in May 1948, UNTSO was the first ever peacekeeping operation established by the United Nations. Since then, UNTSO military observers have remained in the Middle East to monitor ceasefires, supervise armistice agreements, prevent isolated incidents from escalating and assist other UN peacekeeping operations in the region to fulfil their respective mandates.
16. UNDOF : United Nations Disengagement Observer Force
UNDOF was set up in May 1974 following the agreed disengagement of the Israeli and Syrian forces in the Golan Heights. Since then, UNDOF has remained in the area to maintain the ceasefire between the Israeli and Syrian forces and to supervise the implementation of the disengagement agreement.
17. UNIFIL : United Nations Interim Force in Lebanon
UNIFIL was established March 1978 to confirm Israeli withdrawal from Lebanon, restore international peace and security and assist the Lebanese Government in restoring its effective authority in the area.